Two more polls show public support for marriage equality at a historic high — and our opponents at a historic low. Marriages are happening early in Illinois, we have new lawsuits in Florida and Wyoming, and Kentucky’s Attorney General takes a stand against the state’s marriage ban.
Kentucky’s Jack Conway is the latest Attorney General to refuse to defend a marriage ban in court. He made the announcement last week in response to a ruling that the state must recognize out-of-state licenses for LGBT couples. Now Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear will have to hire outside counsel to appeal the decision.
Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan issued a statement last week that county clerks may immediately issue marriage licenses, rather than waiting until the previous deadline of June First. According to Madigan, denying licenses now would be unconstitutional.
One Illinois county began issuing licenses on February 21st, handing out over 250 during just the first week. Among the Cook County couples married were six police officers, 21 teachers, 33 retirees, and a forklift operator.
There’s a new marriage lawsuit in Florida, where a couple has sued for recognition of their Canadian marriage. This is the state’s second lawsuit, the previous one being brought in January by six couples and Equality Florida.
There’s also a new lawsuit in Wyoming. Four couples, along with Wyoming Equality and the National Center for Lesbian Rights, have sued in state court.
And finally this week we have multiple new national surveys showing the continuing surge in support for marriage. This week’s data come from a Washington Post ABC poll and a New York Times poll. The surveys, along with a PRRI survey last month, show support between 53 and 59 percent. This also marks a historic low for our opponents, at 34 percent.
The race to the Supreme Court intensifies, with multiple new lawsuits and an expedited schedule. Oregon won’t defend its marriage ban in court, and a marriage lawsuit in Virginia might have reached a premature end. Plus polling from Louisiana shows progress, but it’s been slow.
This week’s new federal marriage lawsuits are in Colorado and Ohio. Nine couples have sued Colorado for the freedom to marry. The arguments are familiar: that the state’s marriage ban violates the due process and equal protection clauses of the US Constitution.
And a couple in Ohio has sued the state to obtain recognition of their marriage. This week the plaintiffs in a separate Ohio case asked for an expedited briefing schedule. That case is currently on appeal to the Sixth Circuit, so we could potentially have a Supreme-Court-ready decision in Ohio before the end of the year.
Four couples in an Idaho lawsuit want to put their case on a fast track too. They’ve asked the court to skip a trial and issue a ruling right away.
The attorney general of Oregon announced this week that she would not defend the state’s marriage ban. Ellen Rosenblum joins the attorneys general of California, Nevada, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Illinois in refusing to defend what she considers an indefensible law.
After AFER’s huge victory in Virginia this month, the judge in another Virginia case is mulling whether to proceed. That second case, filed by the ACLU, is on a slower timeframe than AFER’s and may no longer be necessary.
And now polls in Louisiana show incremental progress in turning public opinion. Just 28% of voters favor the freedom to marry, an increase of only a few percentage points over the last twenty years.
A Virginia court finally hears arguments in AFER’s marriage case. We’ll have all the details. We have a clearer picture of how Utah will fight to keep its marriage ban in place. A new lawsuit hits Wisconsin, with life-or-death stakes for one couple. And this could be the week that we finally learn the fate of Indiana’s marriage ban.
Last week AFER finally had its hearing in the Virginia marriage case. Now a ruling could come at any time. Our opponents brought to court the same antiquated arguments that have failed in one case after another. They claimed that withholding marriage protects children, somehow, and encourages responsible procreation. These are the same claims that the Prop 8 proponents made in AFER’s California case. They didn’t work then, and time will tell whether they’ll work in Virginia.
Meanwhile a second Virginia case will proceed as a class action. That case was filed by Lambda Legal and the ACLU, and is on a slower track than AFER’s.
We saw similarly weak arguments last week in Utah, where the state filed a brief in support of its marriage ban. As justification for preventing LGBT couples from marrying, the state cited the needs of children. Of course, just about every major child welfare organization in the country has spoken out in support of marriage equality.
The ACLU has asked for an expedited hearing in a separate case in Utah. That lawsuit will determine whether Utah must recognize the marriages performed between December 20 and January 6. Those couples are still in legal limbo, with the state claiming that recognition is “on hold” pending appeal.
And there’s another new federal lawsuit this week. This time it’s in Wisconsin. Four couples, represented by the ACLU, have sued the state. All four have compelling reasons for seeking the freedom to marry. For example, Roy Badger and Garth Wangemann established power of attorney for each other. But when Wangemann fell into a coma, his father tried to seize control from Badger and pull the plug on his son. Badger was able to keep his partner alive until he eventually awoke, but had they been married, his authority would never have been in question.
We’re expecting big news this week in Indiana. The marriage ban could go before the Senate Rules Committee sometime this week. This is a make or break time for the bill. Depending on what happens in the Senate, it’ll either go to voters this November or get a delay until 2016 at the earliest.
A surprise twist in AFER’s Virginia lawsuit. The Indiana House passes a marriage ban, but in so doing could actually delay its progress. Utah and Oklahoma cases are speeding towards the Supreme Court, and our chances for victory have greatly improved in Nevada. Plus there’s progress this week in West Virginia, Hawaii, and Kansas.
Last week a judge in Virginia ruled that oral arguments would proceed in AFER’s federal marriage case. But then we got an unexpected setback: snow. Bad weather postponed the hearing, scheduled for last Thursday, to Tuesday of this week. Stay tuned for further announcements about our day in court.
The Indiana House passed a constitutional marriage ban last week. But that might actually be good news. House lawmakers stripped the bill of a sentence that would have banned civil unions as well. Because the language was changed, the bill will likely have to start the approval process all over again, which would push it back to 2016, at the earliest. Indiana polling has fluctuated wildly, so it’s impossible to detect a trend that would predict how voters will behave in two years.
But it’s possible that the Senate could restore the language and refer the bill to a conference committee, in which case it could pass and head to voters this year. Or the Senate could kill it altogether. We’ll be keeping a close eye on the volatile situation there, with further developments expected this week.
We have a date for hearings in the Utah and Oklahoma cases. Both cases recently won major victories for equality, and now head separately to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. The court will hear the Utah case on April 10, and the Oklahoma case on April 17. Though the cases haven’t been consolidated, the court may rule simultaneously on both. If they rule promptly, both cases could go to the US Supreme Court in its next session.
Last week we reported that a Nevada case will be significantly impacted by a ruling in the Ninth Circuit that extended heightened scrutiny to LGBTs. Now Nevada Attorney General Katherine Cortez has announced that she will review the arguments made in a marriage case there. A district could had previously ruled against the freedom to marry, but this new standard of scrutiny could render all of our opponents’ arguments invalid on the pending appeal.
A case in West Virginia will progress after a judge denied a motion to dismiss. Marriage is safe in Hawaii, where a judge last week rejected a lawsuit against last year’s equality act. And Equality Kansas has requested the introduction of two bills to repeal that state’s marriage ban. It’s still too early to evaluate the bills’ chances of success, but we’ll be keeping a close eye on the situation in Kansas.
Equality on Trial's Case Timeline is the go-to place to find thorough, up-to-date information on the myriad of marriage equality lawsuits taking place across the US.
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